|. Thomas Connelly, legendary father of Capt Henry Conley
. author: Michael D. Nestor, email: firstname.lastname@example.org
1 Thomas Connelly/Conley,3 ? (Edmund,2,Constantine)
. Supposedly b ca 1725 Charlestown, SC, but no evidence for this date); d ca 1783 Guilford Co, NC ("two years after the battle of
. Kings Mountain", which was fought in Oct 1780).
. Reputedly m Mary Van Harlingen, d/o Henry Van Harlingen.
. (William Elsey Connelley only identified her as a "Pennsylvania Dutch woman", but didn't give her name.)
. Family tradition is that Thomas was in the trade and land business, traveling between Pa and the Carolinas. He was supposedly
. in Braddock's Defeat in Pa, was later a Rev War soldier in the 1st SC Regmt, was wounded in the Rev War, and died after the war
. from these wounds. The information on Thomas Conley and his ancestry is based solely on family tradition, mainly from Wil-
. liam Elsey Connelley (#D2311) about 1897-10, who supplied the names. Others, unidentified, have even added birth years for
. Thomas' ancestors, and their siblings, all of which are undocumented and apparently not in the public records. These have been
. blindly copied and recopied by many genealogists and are on many internet sites, as well in the LDS records. On the page for
. Edmund Connelly, I am offering an alternative lineage for Thomas Conley, namely that his father Edmund was the same Edmund
. who was the administrator of his father Constantine Connelly's 1741 estate in Chester Co, Pa, where Capt Henry Conley was
. born in 1751. Since the Thomas Connolly who participated in the 1758 Forbes expedition was age 17 then, he couldn't be the
. father of Capt Henry, but was possibly a brother, as the records state he was of Chester Co. There was an apparently older Thomas
. in the 1755 Braddock's expedition, so conceivably he could be the father of Capt Henry. The Thomas Connelly in the 1st SC Regmt
. may not be the same Thomas, and the claim that he was may be nothing more than a misguided presumption without any evidence.
. There happens to be a Charlestown in Chester Co, Pa, a possible source of the assumption that our Connelly clan began in South
. Carolina. The estate of a Thomas Connelly was probated about 1792 in Montgomery Co, Pa. He could be either of the above
. Thomas Connelly's or the one related to Arthur Conley (#E1) of Augusta Co, Va, whose son James went to Montgomery Co.
. According to Thomas' son Capt Henry Conley's 1833 pension application, his father moved his family from Chester Co, Pa to
. Guilford Co, NC prior to the Rev War. No other details of Henry's family are given in that source.
. The following are the only sources found (by me) so far consistent with a Thomas and Mary Connelly in SC:
. 1. 1779, 13 Dec: Thomas Connelley was on the Pay Roll of Capt Charles Lining's company in the 1st regiment commanded by Col
. Charles C. Pinckney, 1 Nov 1779 to 1 Dec 1779. (This is supposedly a SC regiment. See image below, which was obtained
. from trees.ancestry.com, owner: Ladydaylily.)
. 2. "South Carolina Estate Inventories and Bills of Sale", 1732-1872", p 313, South Carolina, 22 Nov 1781: Mary Connelly of
. Charles Town, wife of Thomas Connelly, late of North Carolina, for 15 pounds sterling, sold to John Mills, a Negro girl named
. Nancy, aged about 10 years.
. The following shows that there was an older Thomas Connelly associated with Genl Braddock's expedition:
. From "History of Frederick County, Maryland, Braddock's Orderly Books", 1910, p 61: Camp at Fort Cumberland, Wednesday
. 14, May 1755: Thomas Connelly, James Fitzgerald and James Hughes, Soldiers of the 48th Regiment and tryed for theft by the
. said Court Martial whereof Maj Sparks was President, are by the sentence of the s'd Court Martial to suffer the following pun-
. ishment: Thomas Connelly, one thousand; James Fitzgerald, eight hundred; James Hughes, eight hundred, lashes at the Head of
. the Line. Also that they be obliged to make satisfaction for the Kegg of Beer stolen by them to the value of 33 shillings Mary-
. land Cury, and that proper stoppages be made out of their pay by their officers for that purpose. His Excellency [Genl Brad-
. dock] has approved the sentence but has been pleased to remit 100 lashes from the punishment of Connelly and 200 from each
. of the other two; Connelly is to receive 900 lashes at 3 different times, 300 each time....
. The above information is quoted verbatim in "History Of Washington County, Maryland", Vol 1, 1906, Thomas J. C. Williams,
. p 51.
. [Maj Gen Edward Braddock's expedition in Jul 1755 was also called the Battle of the Wilderness (Battle of Monongahela), and
. involved two regiments - the 44th and 48th]
. The following was sent by Soni Anderson, who says it refers to property where she now resides (2015):
. 1756 Fairfax Co, Va (later Loudoun County, Va): "This indenture made the 22nd day of January in the year of our Lord 1756
. [pertains to] a certain tract or parcel of land containing 500 acres situate in the said County of Fairfax on the Tuskaroro branch
. of Goose Creek in the gap of the Kittocton Mountain including the plantation whereon Thomas Connelly lately lived".
. 1755 Loudoun Co, Va: "One William Berkley then and yet of the said County of Fairfax the said Day of June in the year aforesaid
. at the County aforesaid was duly and legally arrested and taken in Custody by the said Charles [Broadwater] and being then
. and there in Custody of the said Charles as Sheriff of the County aforesaid was charged in Execution for ten pounds and two
. hundred and eleven pounds of tobacco and fifteen shillings or one hundred and fifty pounds of tobacco as damages at the suit
. of one Paul Turley he the said Thomas [Connell] afterwards  the time and place aforesaid at Fairfax in the County aforesaid
. in consideration that the said Charles would discharge the said William Berkley out of his custody and of and from the said
. execution and accept of him the said Thomas for the payment of the amount of the damages aforesaid he the said Thomas did
. then and there undertake and to the said Charles did faithfully promise and assume to pay the sum of ten poiunds and two
. hundred and eleven pounds of tobacco and etc. unto the said Charles at any time when he should be afterwards there unto
. required. And the said Charles in fact doth aver that he did discharge the said William Berkley from his custody out of exe-
. cution and thereby became responsible to the said Paul Turley for the damages aforesaid and did accept and take the said
. Thomas for the same. Nevertheless the said defendant although often required hath not paid the said sum of ten pounds etc."
. (William Berkley may be Thomas' father-in-law, since William's will includes Katherine "Connell" as one of his children.)
. (Also the 1749 census of Fairfax Co, by Reverend Charles Green of Truro Parish, includes Tho Connel, 1 white. There are a
. number of references to Connells in the area, and it isn't clear if these were a different family, or a misspelling of Connelly.
. Ja Connoly, 2 whites, Quaker Upper Parish is also in this census.)
. 1757 Frederick Co, Va: Tho Connalley listed as paynig clerk fees for tobacco payments. (This area was also included in Braddock's
. march.) (a John Connelly, d 1808, brought land in Frederick Co in 1791. He m Margaret ____ and they had issue Susanna, m
. ____ Klunk, and John, b ca 1787, m Elizabeth Smith. Margaret and Susanna moved to York Co, Pa and John Jr moved to
. Preston Co, Va (WVa.). John Jr's grandson William G. Conley became governor of WVa.)
. The following Thomas Connelly's served in the RW: one from Lancaster Co, in Penna Militia; another from Northampton Co, in
. Penna militia; and another served in Proctor's Pennsylvania Artillery. Also a Thomas Conely served in 1st Regmt, Provincial Troops
. of S.C. Also Thomas Connally served in Maryland Line.
. issue: (possible)
A ? 1. John Connely, b 28 Jun 1744, d 24 Jul 1799 Ashe Co, NC, m Sarah Wilson, b 9 Oct 1746, d 12 Jul 1824 Lawrence Co, Ind.
. Since he lived near Capt Henry Conley in Wilkes/Ashe Co, NC, he was probably a brother. His widow and children moved to
. Lawrence Co, Ind. The fact that both Capt Henry and John had grandsons named Constantine is highly suggestive of them
. being brothers and descended from Constantine Connelly of Chester Co, Pa. Some sloppy genealogy work has muddied the
. waters on this question, by some of his descendants claiming he is the same person as Dr. John Connolly, also born in 1744, but
. died 1800 Philadelphia, and whose life is documented in detail. Some have also claimed he is the John Conley who died in Shelby
. Co, Ky in 1798, and this has caused some confusion in the identity of some of his children.
B ? 4. Thomas Connely, d 8 Dec 1792 Montgomery Co, Va. His estate was appraised 1793 in Montgomery Co.
. He may be the Thomas Connolly, b ca 1741, of Chester Co, Pa, named in the list of soldiers in the 1758 Forbes expedition to
. Fort Duquesne, which was thereafter named Fort Pitt, and later Pittsburgh.
. Possibly a brother of Capt Henry Conley, since family tradition said Henry had close relatives living in Montgomery Co.
. Or he may be the s/o Arthur Connelly (#E1) of Augusta Co, Va, as claimed in papers on that family.
C ? 2. David Conley, b ca 1747, d 21 Feb 1836 Floyd Co, Ky, m Susannah ____, b ca 1750, d 15 Feb 1835 Floyd Co.
. David was a Rev War soldier in NC, living near Capt Henry Conley in Wilkes Co, 1788-90. He was living in Va in the 1790's,
. and was in Russell Co, Va by 1800, where some of Capt Henry's sons were living.. He moved to Floyd Co, Ky by 1810, about
. the same time as Capt Henry. Since his life so closely paralleled Capt Henry's that I had though he was prob a brother, but not
. proven. He and Capt Henry applied for a Rev War pension on the same day in Floyd Co. However, since the names Edmund
. and Constantine are not used by his descendants, and he named no son Henry or Thomas, he may not be closely related to Capt
. Henry, if at all. But since his son Carter married Edmund's daughter Mary, this leans towards some type of relationship, per-
. haps more distant than he being Henry's brother.
D ? 3. Capt Henry Connelly/Conley, b 2 May 1751 Chester Co, Pa, d 7 May 1840 Johnson Co, Ky, m(1) Ann MacGregor,
. b 14 Feb 1756, d 1830, m(2) 8 Mar 1832 Floyd Co, Ky to Temperence Hitchcock (Tempy), b 22 Mar 1781 NC, d after 1860.
. Henry was a Capt in the Rev War in NC, lived in Wilkes/Ashe Co, NC until ca 1807-09, and moved to Floyd Co, Ky with
. some of his sons. He was in Montgomery Co, Va in 1789 and there some time for 3 years, and by family tradition was visiting
. relatives there. He may have been in Russell Co, Va ca 1807-09 when his sons were there, but no proof. His dau Elizabeth was
. supposedly married in Russell Co ca 1810.
. Henry is a CLAIMED/SUPPOSED s/o Thomas Conley, and this is not a proven relationship. Alternatively, Henry, John, and
. Thomas may be sons of Edmund Connelly, s/o Constantine Connelly who d 1741 Chester Co, Pa.
. Note: many websites say Henry was born in 1752, but I have seen his actual pension application and it says 1751.
G ? 5. William Connelly, b early 1760's, d 25 Dec 1813, m 28 Nov 1788 Cambridge, Dorchester Co, Md to Priscilla ____.
. She was a resident of Worcester Co, Md when she filed for a widow's pension in 1841, mentioning Thomas Connelly a brother
. of her husband. (This could be Thomas the father of Capt Henry, or Thomas, b ca 1741, or neither.)
. Ref: 1. Sharon May Thasen has recorded on her web site more info on early Conley generations:
. www.geocities.com/sharont3/Conley.html (no longer an accessible site). On this site, she stated that Thomas Con-
. ley's prob son David Conley was born in "Fairfax, Albermarle, Va," raising the possibility that the story that the early
. Connelly's actually settled in Albemarle Co, Va (Charlottesville area), instead of Albemarle Point, SC. There are Albe-
. marle Parrish's in at least two Virginia counties, raising other possibilities.
. 2. Barbara L. Weir, 402 Rockland Ave, West Chester, Pa 19380.
. She was a professional genealogist, who researched the Connelly/Conley family in 1981.
. 3. Arnold R. Kegel, 12125-29th Ave, SE, Everett, Wash 98204. In 1980, provided me with info on the Connelly/Conley
. family in Chester Co, Pa and in the Wilkes/Ashe Co, NC area.
. 4. Jerry Conley (email: email@example.com) has an excellent website on the Conley family:
. 5. Doug Conley (email: firstname.lastname@example.org) also has an excellent website on the Conley family:
. 6. Joseph E. Conley (now deceasde) (email: email@example.com) also has an excellent website on the Conley
. family: http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/c/o/n/Joseoph--E-Conley/ This site is currently unavailable,
. but his info is on Jerry Conley's site above.
. Notes: 1. The above sites have the wrong John Conley listed as the brother of Capt Henry Conley. William Elsey Connelley said
. that John Donaldson Connelly was either Capt Henry Conley's brother or first cousin. He clearly wasn't the former, as
. Capt Henry 's brother was likely John Connely (#A) of Ashe Co, NC. But he could be Capt Henry's 1st cousin,
. which means he could be a nephew of Edmund Connelly, assuming my idea that Edmund was Capt Henry's father,
. although this idea is inconsistent with the info on line by the descendants of John Donaldson Connelly that is inconsis-
. tent with William Elsey Connelley's claim of a close connection between Capt Henry Conley and:
. Henry B. Connelly (#X32), the 1st governor of New Mexico, who was the s/o John Donaldson Connelly (#X3).
. If there is any connection, it would have to be generations back, at a time when there are practically no documents.
. 2. There was also a James Conley (#F) in Montgomery Co, Va, who could also have been related to Thomas. However,
. since there was a James much earlier in the area who was too old to have been Thomas' son, and the name James was not
. frequently used by his descendants, I haven't included him as a possible kin of or Thomas, as there is no evidence what-
. soever that he was related to this Connelly/Conley family.
. 3. Ernest L. Watson (dec 2010) said that Capt Henry Conley was a s/o Edmund Connelly, not Thomas, who was Henry's
. uncle and raised him. Ernest didn't provide his evidence for this.
. 4. The following may be for an unrelated Thomas, but no proof either way:
. a. 1758, 30 Nov: Anson Co, NC Deed Bk 5, p 234: John Tabor, Jr of Anson, planter, to Thomas Connerly, planter, for
. 10 Lbs... land on S side Hitchcock cr., 150 A adj Richard Bradford...granted to Tabor 1 Jul 1758. John Tabor (seal),
. wit: Thos Moorman, John Byars, Benja Moorman.
. b. 1760, 10 Dec: Anson Co, NC Deed Bk 5, p 343: Thomas Connally of Anson to John James of same, for 30 Lbs,
. 300 A granted 5 Dec 1760 on N side of Hitchcocks cr.., Thomas Connally. Wit: M. Brown, Elizabeth Brown.
. c. NC Land Patent Bk 15, p 324, #5636, 5 Dec 1760: Thomas Conelly, 300 acres in Anson Co on the N side of Pee
. Dee River, joining the N side of Hitchcock creek, both sides of the long Branch of the Sd. creek, both sides of three
. Drains of the sd. Branch, and both sides of the fork of the sd. Branch.
. d. Same, p 502, #2022: 16 Dec 1769: Thomas Evans, 20 acres in Anson N.E. of Peedee river about 1 1/2 miles above
. Hitchcocks creek, joining a small branch W. of the main road, Thomas Connelly, and Edmond Almonds.
. e. Same, p 71, #5809, 27 Apr 1767: Israel Sneed, 300 acres in Anson on the N. side of Hitchcocks creek, joining (a
. point), sd. to be near John Webb, the head of Spring branch, Thomas Connelly, (a point) sd. to be near Sneeds line,
. and the meader of the sd. creek.
. f. Anson County, NC Court Minutes 1771-1777: Friday 18 Jul 1772: Thos Conley and wife to Henry Adcock, 15 a
. pr. by John Mitchell.
. g. NC tax payers, 1779, Orange Co, Thomas Connally.
. I don't currently think this Thomas was necessarily the father of Capt Henry Conley, and that the details of his birth and death and
. most of the details on the early Connelly/Conley family have been simply handed down as family tradition, and many of the added
. on details created without evidence, and copied and recopied by others.
. Page for Henry Connelly, legenedary ancestor of the Eastern Ky Conleys