.      Thomas Connelly, legendary father of Capt Henry Conley
.                                                                                                        (INDEX)
.                                                                  author: Michael D. Nestor, email: mdn3557@yahoo.com

1     Thomas Connelly/Conley,3                                                                                                ?  (Edmund,2,Constantine)
.           Supposedly b ca 1725 Charlestown, SC, but no evidence for this date); d ca 1783 Guilford Co, NC ("two years after the battle of
.              Kings Mountain", which was fought in Oct 1780).
.           Reputedly m Mary Van Harlingen, d/o Henry Van Harlingen.
.               (William Elsey Connelley only identified her as a "Pennsylvania Dutch woman", but didn't give her name.)

.           Family tradition is that Thomas was in the trade and land business, traveling between Pa and the Carolinas.  He was supposedly
.           in Braddock's Defeat in Pa, was later a Rev War soldier in the 1st SC Regmt, was wounded in the Rev War, and died after the war
.           from these wounds.  The information on Thomas Conley and his ancestry is based solely on family tradition, mainly from
.           liam Elsey Connelley (#D2311) about 1897-10, who supplied the names.  Others, unidentified, have even added birth years for
.           Thomas' ancestors, and their siblings, all of which are undocumented and apparently not in the public records.  These have been
.           blindly copied and recopied by many genealogists and are on many internet sites, as well in the LDS records.  On the page for
Edmund Connelly, I am offering an alternative lineage for Thomas Conley, namely that his father Edmund was the same Edmund
.           who was the administrator of his father Constantine Connelly's 1741 estate in Chester Co, Pa, where Capt Henry Conley was
.           born in 1751.  Since the Thomas Connolly who participated in the 1758 Forbes expedition was age 17 then, he couldn't be the
.           father of Capt Henry, but was possibly a brother, as the records state he was of Chester Co.  There was an apparently older Thomas
.           in the 1755 Braddock's expedition, so conceivably he could be the father of Capt Henry.  The Thomas Connelly in the 1st SC Regmt
.           may not be the same Thomas, and the claim that he was may be nothing more than a misguided presumption without any evidence.
.           There happens to be a Charlestown in Chester Co, Pa, a possible source of the assumption that our Connelly clan began in South
.           Carolina.  The estate of a Thomas Connelly was probated about 1792 in Montgomery Co, Pa.  He could be either of the above
.           Thomas Connelly's or the one related to
Arthur Conley (#E1) of Augusta Co, Va, whose son James went to Montgomery Co.

.           According to Thomas' son Capt Henry Conley's 1833 pension application, his father moved his family from Chester Co, Pa to
.           Guilford Co, NC prior to the Rev War.  No other details of Henry's family are given in that source.

.           The following are the only sources found (by me) so far consistent with a Thomas and Mary Connelly in SC:
.           1.   1779, 13 Dec: Thomas Connelley was on the Pay Roll of Capt Charles Lining's company in the 1st regiment commanded by Col
.                 Charles C. Pinckney, 1 Nov 1779 to 1 Dec 1779.  (This is supposedly a SC regiment.  See
image below, which was obtained
.                 from trees.ancestry.com, owner: Ladydaylily.)
.           2. "
South Carolina Estate Inventories and Bills of Sale", 1732-1872", p 313, South Carolina, 22 Nov 1781: Mary Connelly of
.                 Charles Town, wife of Thomas Connelly, late of North Carolina, for 15 pounds sterling, sold to John Mills, a Negro girl named
.                 Nancy, aged about 10 years.

.           The following shows that there was an older Thomas Connelly associated with Genl Braddock's expedition:
.           From "
History of Frederick County, Maryland, Braddock's Orderly Books", 1910, p 61: Camp at Fort Cumberland, Wednesday
.           14, May 1755: Thomas Connelly, James Fitzgerald and James Hughes, Soldiers of the 48th Regiment and tryed for theft by the
.           said Court Martial whereof Maj Sparks was President, are by the sentence of the s'd Court Martial to suffer the following pun-
.           ishment: Thomas Connelly, one thousand; James Fitzgerald, eight hundred; James Hughes, eight hundred, lashes at the Head of
.           the Line.  Also that they be obliged to make satisfaction for the Kegg of Beer stolen by them to the value of 33 shillings Mary-
.           land Cury, and that proper stoppages be made out of their pay by their officers for that purpose.   His Excellency [Genl Brad-
.           dock] has approved the sentence but has been pleased to remit 100 lashes from the punishment of Connelly and 200 from each
.           of the other two;  Connelly is to receive 900 lashes at 3 different times, 300 each time....
.           The above information is quoted verbatim in "
History Of Washington County, Maryland", Vol 1, 1906, Thomas J. C. Williams,
.           p 51.
.           [Maj Gen Edward Braddock's expedition in Jul 1755 was also called the Battle of the Wilderness (Battle of Monongahela), and
.           involved two regiments - the 44th and 48th]
.           The following was sent by Soni Anderson, who says it refers to property where she now resides (2015):
.           1756 Fairfax Co, Va (later Loudoun County, Va): "This indenture made the 22nd day of January in the year of our Lord 1756
.                    [pertains to] a certain tract or parcel of land containing 500 acres situate in the said County of Fairfax on the Tuskaroro branch
.                    of Goose Creek in the gap of the Kittocton Mountain including the plantation whereon Thomas Connelly lately lived".
.           1755 Loudoun Co, Va: "One William Berkley then and yet of the said County of Fairfax the said Day of June in the year aforesaid
.                    at the County aforesaid was duly and legally arrested and taken in Custody by the said Charles [Broadwater] and being then
.                    and there in Custody of the said Charles as Sheriff of the County aforesaid was charged in Execution for ten pounds and two
.                    hundred and eleven pounds of tobacco and fifteen shillings or one hundred and fifty pounds of tobacco as damages at the suit
.                    of one Paul Turley he the said Thomas [Connell] afterwards [] the time and place aforesaid at Fairfax in the County aforesaid
.                    in consideration that the said Charles would discharge the said William Berkley out of his custody and of and from the said
.                    execution and accept of him the said Thomas for the payment of the amount of the damages aforesaid he the said Thomas did
.                    then and there undertake and to the said Charles did faithfully promise and assume to pay the sum of ten poiunds and two
.                    hundred and eleven pounds of tobacco and etc. unto the said Charles at any time when he should be afterwards there unto
.                    required. And the said Charles in fact doth aver that he did discharge the said William Berkley from his custody out of exe-
.                    cution and thereby became responsible to the said Paul Turley for the damages aforesaid and did accept and take the said
.                    Thomas for the same. Nevertheless the said defendant although often required hath not paid the said sum of ten pounds etc."
.                    (William Berkley may be Thomas' father-in-law, since William's will includes Katherine "Connell" as one of his children.)
.                    (Also the 1749 census of Fairfax Co, by Reverend Charles Green of Truro Parish, includes Tho Connel, 1 white.  There are a
.                     number of references to Connells in the area, and it isn't clear if these were a different family, or a misspelling of Connelly.
.                     Ja Connoly, 2 whites, Quaker Upper Parish is also in this census.)
.           1757 Frederick Co, Va: Tho Connalley listed as paynig clerk fees for tobacco payments.  (This area was also included in Braddock's
.                     march.) (a John Connelly, d 1808, brought land in Frederick Co in 1791.  He m Margaret ____ and they had issue Susanna, m
.                     ____ Klunk, and John, b ca 1787, m Elizabeth Smith.  Margaret and Susanna moved to York Co, Pa and John Jr moved to
.                     Preston Co, Va (WVa.).  John Jr's grandson William G. Conley became governor of WVa.)

.           The following Thomas Connelly's served in the RW: one from Lancaster Co, in Penna Militia; another from Northampton Co, in
.           Penna militia; and another served in Proctor's Pennsylvania Artillery.  Also a Thomas Conely served in 1st Regmt, Provincial Troops
.           of S.C.  Also Thomas Connally served in Maryland Line.

.           issue: (possible)

A     ?  
1.   John Connely, b 28 Jun 1744, d 24 Jul 1799 Ashe Co, NC, m Sarah Wilson, b 9 Oct 1746, d 12 Jul 1824 Lawrence Co, Ind.
.                 Since he lived near Capt Henry Conley in Wilkes/Ashe Co, NC, he was probably a brother.  His widow and children moved to
.                 Lawrence Co, Ind.  The fact that both Capt Henry and John had grandsons named Constantine is highly suggestive of them
.                 being brothers and descended from Constantine Connelly of Chester Co, Pa.  Some sloppy genealogy work has muddied the
.                 waters on this question, by some of his descendants claiming he is the same person as Dr. John Connolly, also born in 1744, but
.                 died 1800 Philadelphia, and whose life is documented in detail.  Some have also claimed he is the John Conley who died in Shelby
.                 Co, Ky in 1798, and this has caused some confusion in the identity of some of his children.

B     ?  
4.   Thomas Connely, d 8 Dec 1792 Montgomery Co, Va.  His estate was appraised 1793 in Montgomery Co.
.                 He may be the Thomas Connolly, b ca 1741, of Chester Co, Pa, named in the list of soldiers in the 1758 Forbes expedition to
.                 Fort Duquesne, which was thereafter named Fort Pitt, and later Pittsburgh.
.                 Possibly a brother of Capt Henry Conley, since family tradition said Henry had close relatives living in Montgomery Co.
.                 Or he may be the s/o
Arthur Connelly (#E1) of Augusta Co, Va, as claimed in papers on that family.

C     ?  
2.   David Conley, b ca 1747, d 21 Feb 1836 Floyd Co, Ky, m Susannah ____, b ca 1750, d 15 Feb 1835 Floyd Co.
.                 David was a Rev War soldier in NC, living near Capt Henry Conley in Wilkes Co, 1788-90.  He was living in Va in the 1790's,
.                 and was in Russell Co, Va by 1800, where some of Capt Henry's sons were living..  He moved to Floyd Co, Ky by 1810, about
.                 the same time as Capt Henry.  Since his life so closely paralleled Capt Henry's that I had though he was prob a brother, but not
.                 proven.  He and Capt Henry applied for a Rev War pension on the same day in Floyd Co.  However, since the names Edmund
.                 and Constantine are not used by his descendants, and he named no son Henry or Thomas, he may not be closely related to Capt
.                 Henry, if at all.  But since his son Carter married Edmund's daughter Mary, this leans towards some type of relationship, per-
.                 haps more distant than he being Henry's brother.

D     ?  
3.   Capt Henry Connelly/Conley, b 2 May 1751 Chester Co, Pa, d 7 May 1840 Johnson Co, Ky, m(1) Ann MacGregor,
.                 b 14 Feb 1756, d 1830, m(2) 8 Mar 1832 Floyd Co, Ky to Temperence Hitchcock (Tempy), b 22 Mar 1781 NC, d after 1860.
.                 Henry was a Capt in the Rev War in NC, lived in Wilkes/Ashe Co, NC until ca 1807-09, and moved to Floyd Co, Ky with
.                 some of his sons.  He was in Montgomery Co, Va in 1789 and there some time for 3 years, and by family tradition was visiting
.                 relatives there.  He may have been in Russell Co, Va ca 1807-09 when his sons were there, but no proof.   His dau Elizabeth was
.                 supposedly married in Russell Co ca 1810.
.                 Henry is a CLAIMED/SUPPOSED s/o Thomas Conley, and this is not a proven relationship.  Alternatively, Henry, John, and
.                 Thomas may be sons of
Edmund Connelly, s/o Constantine Connelly who d 1741 Chester Co, Pa.
.                 Note: many websites say Henry was born in 1752, but I have seen his actual pension application and it says 1751.

G     ?  
5.   William Connelly, b early 1760's, d 25 Dec 1813, m 28 Nov 1788 Cambridge, Dorchester Co, Md to Priscilla ____.
.                 She was a resident of Worcester Co, Md when she filed for a widow's pension in 1841, mentioning Thomas Connelly a brother
.                 of her husband.  (This could be Thomas the father of Capt Henry, or Thomas, b ca 1741, or neither.)

.           Ref:   1.   Sharon May Thasen has recorded on her web site more info on early Conley generations:
www.geocities.com/sharont3/Conley.html (no longer an accessible site).  On this site, she stated that Thomas Con-
.                           ley's prob son David Conley was born in "Fairfax, Albermarle, Va," raising the possibility that the story that the early
.                           Connelly's actually settled in Albemarle Co, Va (Charlottesville area), instead of Albemarle Point, SC.  There are Albe-
.                           marle Parrish's in at least two Virginia counties, raising other possibilities.
.                     2.   Barbara L. Weir, 402 Rockland Ave, West Chester, Pa 19380.
.                           She was a professional genealogist, who researched the Connelly/Conley family in 1981.
.                     3.   Arnold R. Kegel, 12125-29th Ave, SE, Everett, Wash 98204.  In 1980, provided me with info on the Connelly/Conley
.                           family in Chester Co, Pa and in the Wilkes/Ashe Co, NC area.
.                     4.   Jerry Conley (email:
jerry@jerryconley.com) has an excellent website on the Conley family:
.                     5.   Doug Conley (email:
conley_corner@yahoo.com) also has an excellent website on the Conley family:
.                     6.   Joseph E. Conley (now deceasde) (email:
theconnellyclan@hotmail.com) also has an excellent website on the Conley
.                           family:  
http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/c/o/n/Joseoph--E-Conley/ This site is currently unavailable,
.                           but his info is on Jerry Conley's site above.

.           Notes:  1.   The above sites have the wrong John Conley listed as the brother of Capt Henry Conley.  William Elsey Connelley said
.                              that John Donaldson Connelly was either Capt Henry Conley's brother or first cousin.  He clearly wasn't the former, as
.                              Capt Henry 's brother was likely
John Connely (#A) of Ashe Co, NC.  But he could be Capt Henry's 1st cousin,
.                              which means he could be a nephew of
Edmund Connelly, assuming my idea that Edmund was Capt Henry's father,
.                              although this idea is inconsistent with the info on line by the descendants of John Donaldson Connelly that is inconsis-
.                              tent with William Elsey Connelley's claim of a close connection between Capt Henry Conley and:
Henry B. Connelly (#X32), the 1st governor of New Mexico, who was the s/o John Donaldson Connelly (#X3).
.                              If there is any connection, it would have to be generations back, at a time when there are practically no documents.
.                        2.   There was also a
James Conley (#F) in Montgomery Co, Va, who could also have been related to Thomas.  However,
.                              since there was a James much earlier in the area who was too old to have been Thomas' son, and the name James was not
.                              frequently used by his descendants, I haven't included him as a possible kin of or Thomas, as there is no evidence what-
.                              soever that he was related to this Connelly/Conley family.
.                        3.   Ernest L. Watson (dec 2010) said that Capt Henry Conley was a s/o Edmund Connelly, not Thomas, who was Henry's
.                              uncle and raised him.  Ernest didn't provide his evidence for this.
.                        4.   The following may be for an unrelated Thomas, but no proof either way:
.                              a.   1758, 30 Nov: Anson Co, NC Deed Bk 5, p 234: John Tabor, Jr of Anson, planter, to Thomas Connerly, planter, for
.                                    10 Lbs... land on S side Hitchcock cr., 150 A adj Richard Bradford...granted to Tabor 1 Jul 1758.  John Tabor (seal),
.                                    wit: Thos Moorman, John Byars, Benja Moorman.
.                              b.   1760, 10 Dec: Anson Co, NC Deed Bk 5, p 343: Thomas Connally of Anson to John James of same, for 30 Lbs,
.                                    300 A granted 5 Dec 1760 on N side of Hitchcocks cr.., Thomas Connally.  Wit: M. Brown, Elizabeth Brown.
.                              c.   NC Land Patent Bk 15, p 324, #5636, 5 Dec 1760: Thomas Conelly, 300 acres in Anson Co on the N side of Pee
.                                    Dee River, joining the N side of Hitchcock creek, both sides of the long Branch of the Sd. creek, both sides of three
.                                    Drains of the sd. Branch, and both sides of the fork of the sd. Branch.
.                              d.   Same, p 502, #2022: 16 Dec 1769: Thomas Evans, 20 acres in Anson N.E. of Peedee river about 1 1/2 miles above
.                                    Hitchcocks creek, joining a small branch W. of the main road, Thomas Connelly, and Edmond Almonds.
.                              e.   Same, p 71, #5809, 27 Apr 1767: Israel Sneed, 300 acres in Anson on the N. side of Hitchcocks creek, joining (a
.                                    point), sd. to be near John Webb, the head of Spring branch, Thomas Connelly, (a point) sd. to be near Sneeds line,
.                                    and the meader of the sd. creek.
.                              f.   Anson County, NC Court Minutes 1771-1777:  Friday 18 Jul 1772: Thos Conley and wife to Henry Adcock, 15 a
.                                    pr. by John Mitchell.
.                              g.   NC tax payers, 1779, Orange Co, Thomas Connally.

.           I don't currently think this Thomas was necessarily the father of Capt Henry Conley, and that the details of his birth and death and
.           most of the details on the early Connelly/Conley family have been simply handed down as family tradition, and many of the added
.           on details created without evidence, and copied and recopied by others.  
.           Page for
Henry Connelly, legenedary ancestor of the Eastern Ky Conleys