.                           Thomas W. Robinson, 1807 - 1901
.               of Hampden Co, Mass, Bolton, Tolland Co, Conn,
.                         and Manchester, Hartford Co, Conn
.                                                                  author: Michael D. Nestor, email:

     Thomas W. Robinson,1                                                                                                                            ?  (James Ewell)
.          He was born 7 Apr 1816, and his name was originally William Thomas Ewell, son of James Ewell Jr and Elizabeth Williamson,
.          according to "
The New England Historical and Genealogical Register", Vol 81, p 310, 'Timothy Williamson and his Descendants', Jul
.          1927.  Prior to his marriage in 1836 he took the aliasThomas Robinson.  There is a birth date discrepancy, compared to the records
.          for Thomas W. Robinson, see below, but if this Thomas was actually born ca 1807, then that would contradict the above source's
.          claim that he was the same person as William Thomas Ewell, since William's parents were born in 1792 and 1793.  He seems to be
.          the same person as Thomas W. Robinson of Hampden Co, Mass and Tolland and Hartford Co's, Conn, who added about 10 years
.          to his age in all the records.  DNA evidence per Nancy Salvi below confirm a relationship between the Robinsons and Ewell descen-
.          dants.
.          The pages from the above source are copied onto the
next page.

.          b Apr 1807 Mass; d 4 Oct 1901, bur East Cem, Manchester, Hartford Co, Conn.  His tombstone gives his name as Thomas "S." Rob-
.             inson, b "1805", d 1901, but he was born Apr 1807 acc to the 1900 census, which is consistent with the other census records, which
.             estimate his birth as 1807-09, and his 1892 Declaration below, gives his age as 85, or born ca 1807.  The middle intial of "W." was
.             given in his sons John's and Charles' birth records and the 1892 declaration below.
.             See note and
images below for the LDS death records of Thomas and Polly.
.             See
picture below of tombstone of Thomas S. Robinson, Mary A. his wife, and Annie C. Burd.  They may not be actually buried
.             there, but just their names added to the stone.  A note on The Town of Manchester Plot Card, Lot No 55, Div 2, Section W, East
.             Cem: "Thomas S or W Robinson = ? Thomas Robinson - 1901 removed from East Cemetery to an unknown location."
.             He was of New Haven acc to the marr record.
.          m 14 Dec 1836 Derby, New Haven Co, Conn to Mary Ann Chapman (Polly), b 10 Mar 1813 Oxford, New Haven Co, Conn, d 24
.              Aug 1883 Bolton, Ct, d/o
Reuben Chapman (#1) and Mary ____.   The census records give her estimated birth year as ca 1809-
.              14.  Marriage date from "
Connecticut Town Marriage Records, pre 1870 (Barbour Collection)", but the Derby town records don't
.              have this marriage listed.  Thomas' 1892 declaration below, gives a marriage date of 12 Dec 1836 Murpheysville, Ct, and her death
.              date.  Polly was listed as "of Oxford".  However this marriage date was confirmed in Polly's and Thomas' 1862 divorce decree - see
image below.  The death record below gives her death date as 24 Aug 1883, age 74.  Polly and Thomas divorced 2 Apr 1862 acc to
.              Polly's 15 Oct 1866 Claim for Mother's Pension for her son Charles' Civil War service, at which time she gave her age as 58, and
.              a document in that file certifies the marriage date of 14 Dec 1836, at which time she was of Oxford.
.          Acc to the
www.findagrave.com entry by KAM, which has the picture of the tombstone for Thomas and Mary Robinson and Annie
.              C. Burd, Mary Was Mary A. Burd Robinson, but this is apparently a presumption that the Mary J. Burd, mother-in-law of Wil-
.              liam Henry Robinson married Thomas.  However Mary was born ca 1818, 10 years younger than Mary Ann Chapman Robinson,
.              and Thomas would have had to marry her after he was listed as wid/div in the 1880 census and her death date of 1883.  This error
.              prob came from the fact that Mary Burd's dau Annie Burd's name was also on the tombstone with Thomas and Mary Robinson.
.              From the photos of the tombstones for Thomas and Mary, and his son William and his wives, they all appear to be the same stone,
.              but one on the front and one on the side of the stone, so Annie's name being on the same side as Thomas and Mary is not signi-
.              ficant.  Additionally, the other two faces of this same tombstone have the names of William's children by his two wives.

.          1836 Thomas Robinson was of New Haven, Conn at the time of his marriage acc to the 1866 document referenced below.
.          1840 Hampden Co, Mass census, Springfield, p 49, Thomas Robinson, 00001-10001.
.          1850 census, family not located.
.          1856, Sep 30: Tolland Co, Conn: Warranty Deed, Vol 13, p 122: Charles Sumner sold 1 acre of land with a house and barn on Nor-
.                    wich Road (now Bolton Center Road) to Thomas Robinson for $200.  According to this deed this parcel was near Elijah Wat-
.                    rous’ property,
.          1860 Tolland Co, Conn census, Bolton, p 375, #38/39, Thos Robinson,51 Mass, occup: (?Jouin or Joiner), Polley,51 Conn, Hen-
.                   ry,19 Mass, apprentice (?Jouide), Lucretia,18 Mass, Chas,13 Mass, Eunice,10 Conn, Frank,7 Conn.
.          1861, 27 Jan: Tolland Co: James L. Adams, plaintiff, vs Thomas Robinson, defendant, for damages of $100, concerning tracts of
.                   land in Bolton, Tolland Co.  Mentions a writ of attachment directed to the sherrif of Tolland Co, signed by G.G. Griswould,
.                   Esq, Justice of the Peace for Hartford Co, dated 25 Jan 1861.  Note: this writ was signed one day after the date that Thomas
.                   deserted his wife Polly - see divorce petition below.
.          1862, 26 Mar: Tolland Co: Polly Ann Robinson, of Bolton, filed a petition for a bill of divorce from Thomas Robinson, of Tolland.
.                    She states that they were married on 14 Dec 1836 and that on 24 Jan 1861 Thomas deserted her.  She claimed he had been
.                   "continually guilty of intolerable cruelty" and "has been guilty of such misconduct as permantly destroys the happiness of
.                    the petitioner".  By order of Court, Polly was "hereby declared to be sole single + unmarried."  See
image below.
.       ? 1864 Springfield, Mass city directory, Thomas Robinson, carpenter, bds 6 Franklin st
.          1866, 15 Oct Sep: Bolton, Conn: Polly A. Robinson, age 58, filed a Mother's Application for Army Pension, based on son Charles'
.                    Civil War service.  Witnesses testifyiing to her identity: John W. Sumner and Jabez L. White.  She was awarded a pension of
.                    $8.00 per month, beginning 7 Oct 1864 (the date he was killed).  She stated that she was the divorced wife of Thomas Robin-
.                    son and "divorced from him by reason of his misconduct".  This file contains a certificate from Henry L. Baldwin, Commis-
.                    ioner of the Superior Court of New Haven Co, Conn, that Charles E. Baldwin, Town Clerk of Derby, certified that there is a
.                    record of the marriage on 14 Dec 1836 of Thomas Robinson of New Haven and Polly Ann Chapman of Oxford.
.          1870 census, Thomas not located.
.          1870 Tolland Co, Conn census, Bolton, p 12, #104/103, Henry Robbins,29 Mass, carpenter, Caroline,28 Pa, Mary,56 Mass, Frank,
.                   18 Conn, works on farm.
.       ? 1872 Springfield city directory, Thomas Robinson, emp W.H. Allis, boards Carew street
.          1880 Tolland Co census, Bolton, p 149D, #125/130, Polly Robinson,70 Conn (div), house keeping, living with Jabez L. White,50
.                   Conn (wid), farmer, Ida E. Gay,20 Conn, boarder, house keeping.
.          1880 Tolland Co census, Vernon, p 70B, #214/247, Thomas Robinson,73 Mass (wid/div, Mass, Mass), carpenter, boarder, living
.                   with Sally B. Hunt,62 RI (wid).
.          1889 Rockville, Ct city directories: Thomas Robinson, Manchester Green, Bolton.
.                   (Rockville is village in the town of Vernon, Tolland Co)
.          1892, 15 Aug: Tolland Co, Conn: "Declaration for Dependent Father's Pension", filed by Thomas W. Robinson, age 85, of Bolton,
.                    Tolland Co.  Stated that he was the father of Charles Robinson, who enlisted 9 Dec 1863 in Company C, 10th Conn Inf, and
.                    was killed 7 Oct 1864 near Richmond, Va.  He further states that he married Charles, mother on 12 Dec 1836 Murphrysville,
.                    Ct, and she died 24 Aug 1888 Bolton, Ct.  He was Thomas W. Robinson, d/o W.H. Robinson, Manchester Green, Ct.  "No
.                    other claim than REJECTED mothers .. 99.662, Apr 5, 1889, filed Mar 29, 1889."  In same file: "Polly A. Robinson, mother of
.                    Charles Robinson, Private Co C, 10th Conn Vols, Rate $8.00 per month, commencing 7 Oct 1864, Hartford Agency, 23 Sep
.                    1867."  To view this file: see
.          1900 Hartford Co, Conn census, Manchester, ED 195, sheet 12B, 95 Middletown...., #243/271, Thomas Robinson, Apr 1807 Mass
.                   (father, wid, Mass,Mass), (no occup), plus one boarder, living with William H. Robinson.

.          issue:

1.   Sarah Maria Robinson, b ca 1838-40 Springfield, Mass, d 22 Dec 1922 Philadelphia of "myocarditis fall frac femur due to
.                accd fall,"  bur 26 Dec 1922 Section G 482, Mount Peace Cem, m 5 Apr 1857 Bolton, Tolland Co, Conn to
James Living-
.                ston Adams (#2), b ca 1832-33 Philadelphia, d 6 Feb 1887 Philadelphia, bur 10 Feb 1887 Section G 482, Mount Peace Cem,
.                s/o John C. Adams and Catharine Rezzer.

2.   William Henry Robinson (Henry), b 25 Aug 1840 Springfield, Mass, m(1) Caroline Burd (Carrie), m(2) Jane C. Burd (Janie).
.                Moved to Hartford Co, Conn.

3.   Lucretia A. Robinson, b ca 1842-44 Mass, d 18 May 1876 Philadelphia, "b Mass, age 32, of consumption, pulmonary, of
.                1031 Ross St, single", bur Section G 482, Mt Peace Cem.  (same cemetery where other members of the James Livingston Adams
.                family were buried, see above)  See her death certificate
image below.
.                1870 census, Lucretia not located.

4.   John A. Robinson, b 10 Sep 1845 Springfield, Hampden Co, d 12 Sep 1846 Springfield, Mass, "age 1, s/o Thomas W. and
.                Polly Robinson".

5.   Charles A. Robinson, b 10 Sep 1847 Springfield, Hampden Co, "s/o Thomas W. and Polly Ann Robinson", killed in action 7
.                Oct 1864 in the battle at New Market Road, near Richmond, Va, by a musket ball passing through his abdomen.  He enlisted as a
.                private on 9 Dec 1863 in Co C, 10th Conn Infantry at Hartford, Conn.
.                This infomation came from his mother's claim for a pension in 1867 and his father's 1892 declaration above.

6.   Frank C. Robinson, b 1848, d 1848.  His name is on same stone as his brother William's family, but he is probably not buried
.                there.

7.   Eunice/Unis Elizabeth Robinson, b ca 1850 Bolt Conn, d 30 Nov 1861 Philadelphia, "age 12 yrs, of pneumonia, d/o Thos W
.                Robinson and Mary Robinson", bur 4 Dec 1861 Odd Fellows Cem.
.                See
image of her death certificate below.  Her address was N2121 Jefferson St.

8.   Frank M. Robinson, b Aug 1851 Conn, m(1) Anna D. (Annie) ____, m(2) Bridget M. ____.
.                Moved to Hartford Co, Conn.

.          Note: From LDS records, "Connecticut-EASy":
.                    Thomas Robinson, b 1807, d 4 Oct 1901, age 94.  Indexing batch #101319-9, source film #1376045, item 1, p 214.
.                    Polly Robinson, b 1809, d 24 Aug 1883, age 74, married, spouse Thomas Robinson.  Same batch, source, but item 2, p 82.

.          Ref:  1.   Nancy Jean Christopher Salvi's email:
.                   2.   VaLene Ewell Collings' notes at  www.rootsweb.com, email: valenecollings@yahoo.com) states that William Thomas
.                         Ewell went by the alias Thomas Robinson, who was b 7 Apr 1816, of Springfield, Hampden Co, Mass, d 4 Oct 1901
.                         Bolton, Tolland Co, Conn, and married Mary Chapman, b 1818 Hymphreysville, Ct, d Bolton.  This ref says that
.                         William Thomas Ewell's parents were James Ewell, b 7 Feb 1792 Marshfield, Plymouth Co, Mass, and Elizabeth
.                         Williamson, b 13 May 1793 Marshfield.  Humphreysville is now known as Seymour, and is on land formerly part of
.                         Derby, New Haven Co, Conn.
.                         VaLene's info at:
.                         This comes from "
The New England Historical and Genealogical Register", Vol 81, p 310, and is on the next page.
.                         Thomas and family are not located in the 1850 census.  He isn't located in 1870.
.                         1850 Plymouth Co census, Marshfield, p 158, #100/113, James Ewell,56 Mass, carpenter, Elizabeth,55 Mass, Sarah,18
.                                  Mass, Quincy A.,18 Mass, shoemaker.
.                   3.   One LDS record lists a Thomas Robinson, b 7 Apr 1816 Canton, Hartford Co, Conn, s/o Nathaniel Robinson and Han-
.                         nah Ewell.  In the 1810 Mass census, the only Nathaniel Robinson was in Barnstable Co, and he had 2 sons under age
.                         10, but none older.  In the 1820 Mass census, there was a Nathaniel Robinson in Middlesex Co, with a male under age
.                         10.  In the 1830 Mass census, a Nathaniel Robinson was listed in both the Barnstable and Hampshire Co census', but
.                         neither with a son of Thomas' age.  There were many Nathan Robinsons, and also Nathan and Nathanel Robbins in these
.                         census years.
.                   4.   In the 1810 Mass census, there was only one James Ewell, and he was in Plymouth Co, with one male less than age 10.
.                         In the 1820 Mass census, there were no James Ewell's listed.
.                         In the 1830 Mass census, there were 2 James Ewells, both in Plymouth Co, one with no sons, and the other with one
.                         son age 0-5, and two sons age 15-20.
.                         The only Hannah Ewell in the above census years was Hannah Ewell, age 40-50, in Plymouth Co in 1830, with no
.                         children.
.                         There were no Thomas, Tom, William, Bill, or W. T. Ewells listed in any New England state in 1830 or 1840, except
.                         one born in the 1790's, living in Maine.
.                         Unable to located any Ewell by any of those names in the 1850, 1860, or 1870 census.
.                   5.   Unable to located Thomas, Tom, William, Bill, or W.T. Robinson in either Mass or Conn in 1850, nor locate the family
.                          by using his spouses' or childrens' names in the search window.
.                   6.  "
Family Search", Massachussets Deaths and Burials, 1795-1910.
.  Picture from www.findagrave.com
.                 Added by Sue